Saturday, 4 August 2012

New Organisation: Ḥā Mīm Press


Anonymous said...

can i ask a few questions put forward to me, which i do not fully know the answers to myself to give a response.

firstly when is it compulsory on a child to start fasting? (i.e what age) if say it's 10 years old and the child didn't fast all those days do they make up as an adult and is this qadr or qadr and expiation? similarly if a non practising brother or sister missed fard prayers do they have to make all them up when they become practising

secondly when is the best time to pray tahajjud, it's in the last third of the night (but roughly how far is that from fajr salah?) is it 10mins before fajr? or if it's half an hour before fajr does that include the process of waking up and making wudu? or 30minuites plus the time added to making wudu?

sorry hope these questions are not too confusing

Abu Huzayfa said...

Assalamu Alaykum,


Jazakallah for your questions. The answers are as follows:

It is compulsory on a child to start fasting once he hits puberty. Hence, it is not compulsory on a child to fast before that age but it is good to encourage the child to fast in order to build his/her piety from an early age. If the child doesn't fast due to not reaching puberty, then there is no problem in that and the child will not be classed as being sinful.

However, if a child reaches the age of puberty and then neglects his fasting, he will need to make up for those fasts and pay the kaffarah.

I did not understand what you meant when you mentioned Qadr. Maybe you were asking whether asking for forgiveness on the night of Qadr is enough for a person to be pardoned if he has missed fasts. If that is the question then there is no doubt that the night is of great significance but none the less, a mature person who has missed fasts without any valid excuse is not pardoned of his obligation until he has made up his fasts.

(see Mukhtasar al Qudurooi pg 87 for more details)

Similar is the case in prayer; a Muslim is only under an obligation to pray once he/she has attained the age of puberty. Prior to that, the child does not need to pray but once again, it is advised to encourage children to do so in order for them to build up a habit for prayer.

A mature person who misses his prayers must make them up and a person is considered to be mature from the age in which he reached puberty.

In fact, it is not enough that a person simply asks for forgiveness in abundance. He will not be pardoned of his missed fard prayers until he has made up for them. Alternatively, he may pay fidyah at the time of death; inshallah there is hope that he will be forgiven.

(Fiqhi Maqaalat 4/26,27)

Finally, tahajjud can be prayed any time after the Ishah prayer. The hadith you mentioned is narrated by Abu Hurairah radiallahu anhu in Sahih al Bukhari. Rasulullah salallahu alayhi wasallam said, "Our Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when the last third of the night remains, and He says, ‘Who will call Me that I might answer him, who will ask of Me that I might give him, who will ask My forgiveness, that I might forgive him?'" This hadith does not mention tahajjud but is indicating one towards dua. Generally, a person makes his dua after tahajjud and so this time is a blessed time to supplicate to Allah Ta'ala in.

The timespan can be calculated by first considering the hours between the beginning of Isha time and the beginning of Fajr time. After finding that out, divide it into three parts and you will inshallah find the time.

eg. hypothetically, if Ishah starts at 9pm and Fajr starts at 3am, there is a 6 hour gap between both prayers.

Thus, if we break it into three parts, it will look like this:

First part of night: 9pm to 11pm
Second part of night: 11pm to 1am
Third part of night: 1am to 3am

Thus, the third part of the night will be the 1am to 3am slot.

I hope that is clear to understand.

Finally, I ask you for your duas. Do remember me in your tahajjud prayers.

Wallahu A'lamu bis sawaab