Monday, 14 July 2008

The Destruction of Nations (Part 1)

There is not a day that the sea does not question Allah, 'O Allah! Let us destroy mankind, for he has transgressed.' And there is not a day that that the earth does not question Allah, "O Allah! Let me swallow mankind for he has transgressed.'"In recent years, the world has seen the prophecies of the Messenger of Allah (may peace and blessings be upon him) come to pass. A new calamity strikes man and each time he says, "It cannot get more severe than this" and then he is struck by something even worse. Every day, elements of this world (sea, wind, earth etc) ask Allah for permission to destroy the inhabitants of this earth. We have seen from the people of the past that when Fitna and Fasad (mischief, corruption) become rife in a community, Allah lets loose upon them the crushing waves and devastating destruction.

And one day in the time of the prophet Nuh (peace be upon him), the sea was granted permission to destroy those who opposed the call of monotheism. Allah sent Nuh (peace be upon him) with His message and he would say to his people,

قَالَ يَـٰقَوۡمِ إِنِّى لَكُمۡ نَذِيرٌ۬ مُّبِينٌ (٢) أَنِ ٱعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱتَّقُوهُ وَأَطِيعُونِ (٣) يَغۡفِرۡ لَكُم مِّن ذُنُوبِكُمۡ وَيُؤَخِّرۡكُمۡ إِلَىٰٓ أَجَلٍ۬ مُّسَمًّى‌ۚ إِنَّ أَجَلَ ٱللَّهِ إِذَا جَآءَ لَا يُؤَخَّرُ‌ۖ لَوۡ كُنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ (٤) قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّى دَعَوۡتُ قَوۡمِى لَيۡلاً۬ وَنَهَارً۬ا (٥) فَلَمۡ يَزِدۡهُمۡ دُعَآءِىٓ إِلَّا فِرَارً۬ا (٦) وَإِنِّى ڪُلَّمَا دَعَوۡتُهُمۡ لِتَغۡفِرَ لَهُمۡ جَعَلُوٓاْ أَصَـٰبِعَهُمۡ فِىٓ ءَاذَانِہِمۡ وَٱسۡتَغۡشَوۡاْ ثِيَابَہُمۡ وَأَصَرُّواْ وَٱسۡتَكۡبَرُواْ ٱسۡتِكۡبَارً۬ا (٧) ثُمَّ إِنِّى دَعَوۡتُہُمۡ جِهَارً۬ا (٨

“He said, ‘O my people, I openly warn you that you must worship Allah, and fear Him, and obey me, and Allah will forgive you your sins, and will respite you to an appointed term. Indeed when Allah‘s term comes, it is not deferred, if you only know!’ He said (to Allah), ‘My Lord, I have called my people night and day, but my call added only to their flight (from the truth). Whenever I called them, so that You might forgive them, they put their fingers into their ears, and wrapped their clothes around themselves, and grew obstinate, and waxed proud in extreme arrogance.’”

The people of Nuh (peace be upon him) would humiliate him so much, they would accuse him of every wrong. When he received the order from Allah to make an Ark, the people began to deride him further and said,

ﺐﺟﻋ ﻪﻠﻛ ﻙﺮﻣﺍﺎﻧﺇإِنَّٱ أَمرَك ڪله عَجَب
“Your business is totally bizarre!”

Nuh (peace be upon him) preached for about 900 years and had to suffer huge amounts of pathos. Tafseer Mazhari mentions that the people around him would die and their progeny would then come and they too would die. Nuh (peace be upon him) would approach these new offspring carrying the perception that perhaps they may accept Allah unlike their parents. These people would be just the same and after preaching for so many years, only 83 people became Muslim and that is when Nuh (peace be upon him) cursed his people.

وَقَالَ نُوحٌ۬ رَّبِّ لَا تَذَرۡ عَلَى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ مِنَ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ دَيَّارًا (٢٦) إِنَّكَ إِن تَذَرۡهُمۡ يُضِلُّواْ عِبَادَكَ وَلَا يَلِدُوٓاْ إِلَّا فَاجِرً۬ا ڪَفَّارً۬ا (٢٧

“And said Nuh, ‘My Lord, do not leave on earth even a single inhabitant (surviving) out of the disbelievers If You leave them (surviving), they will lead Your servants astray, and will beget none but a sinful disbeliever.’”

Thus the promise of Allah came to pass and he answered to the distress of Nuh (peace be upon him) but this came at a cost. As Nuh (peace be upon him) climbed onto his ship, Allah sent the rain pouring down upon the earth. The people (there are two opinions here: some are of the opinion that the flood was universal, others say it was regional) of Nuh (peace be upon him) began to climb onto high ground expecting the rainfall to stop but this was the punishment of Allah and the curse of His prophet. The people began to climb up the mountains but the rainfall had turned into an ocean and was bent on punishing the transgressors. Nobody except the believers were saved from the wrath of Allah. Men, women and children all began to drown and in the middle of this destruction there was the Ark of Nuh (peace be upon him) which was treated with a huge degree of veneration by the punishment of Allah. As this ark began to set sail for its next destination, Nuh (peace be upon him) saw his son on the tip of a mountain. Amid the chaos, Nuh (peace be upon him) urged his son to forsake disbelief and accept Allah. It was truly a sight of immense anguish; the Prophet of Allah was beseeching his son, urging him to become Muslim. The son however was of immense arrogance and as the conversation between the two grew, so did the waves until one came crashing down upon the son of Nuh (peace be upon) and in the process, wiped him from the mountain and the life of Nuh (peace be upon him). Allah mentions this in the Qur’an in Surah Hud, He says,

وَهِىَ تَجۡرِى بِهِمۡ فِى مَوۡجٍ۬ كَٱلۡجِبَالِ وَنَادَىٰ نُوحٌ ٱبۡنَهُ ۥ وَڪَانَ فِى مَعۡزِلٍ۬ يَـٰبُنَىَّ ٱرۡڪَب مَّعَنَا وَلَا تَكُن مَّعَ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ (٤٢) قَالَ سَـَٔاوِىٓ إِلَىٰ جَبَلٍ۬ يَعۡصِمُنِى مِنَ ٱلۡمَآءِ‌ۚ قَالَ لَا عَاصِمَ ٱلۡيَوۡمَ مِنۡ أَمۡرِ ٱللَّهِ إِلَّا مَن رَّحِمَ‌ۚ وَحَالَ بَيۡنَہُمَا ٱلۡمَوۡجُ فَكَانَ مِنَ ٱلۡمُغۡرَقِينَ (٤٣)

“And it was sailing with them amidst the waves like mountains. And Nuh called out to his son, who was at an isolated place, ‘O my child, come on board with us, and do not be in the company of the disbelievers.’
He (Nuh’s son) said, ‘I shall take shelter on a mountain which will save me from the water.’ He (Nuh) said, ‘There is no saver today from the command of Allah, except the one to whom He shows mercy.’ And the waves rose high
between the two, and he was among those who were drowned.”

Whomsoever Allah guides, none can misguide and whomsoever Allah leaves to go astray, none can guide.

Thus Nuh (peace be upon him) became extremely sad and made Dua to Allah that Allah saves his son from the fire as He was not saved from the waves. He called out to Allah,

وَنَادَىٰ نُوحٌ۬ رَّبَّهُ ۥ فَقَالَ رَبِّ إِنَّ ٱبۡنِى مِنۡ أَهۡلِى وَإِنَّ وَعۡدَكَ ٱلۡحَقُّ وَأَنتَ أَحۡكَمُ ٱلۡحَـٰكِمِينَ

“Nuh called unto his Lord and said, ‘My Lord, my son is a part of my family, and surely Your promise is true, and You are the greatest of all judges.’”

However Allah reprimanded Nuh (peace be upon him) said,

قَالَ يَـٰنُوحُ إِنَّهُ ۥ لَيۡسَ مِنۡ أَهۡلِكَ‌ۖ إِنَّهُ ۥ عَمَلٌ غَيۡرُ صَـٰلِحٍ۬‌ۖ فَلَا تَسۡـَٔلۡنِ مَا لَيۡسَ لَكَ بِهِۦ عِلۡمٌ‌ۖ إِنِّىٓ أَعِظُكَ أَن تَكُونَ مِنَ ٱلۡجَـٰهِلِينَ

“He said, ‘O Nuh, in fact, he is not a part of your family. Indeed, he is (a man of) bad deeds. So do not ask Me something of which you have no knowledge. I exhort you not to be among the ignorant.’”

Nuh (peace be upon him) travelled with the believers until they landed on Mount Judi. The mountain still has the print of Nuh’s (peace be upon him) Ark (above and right).

Next up in Part 2 the people of Aad.


Anonymous said...

Subhanallah, great reminder for everyone including me.

Waiting for part-2
... your brother from another mother

hassan said...

salaam brother a beautiful website and a powerful story. i just wanted to know if in the islamic version of the story of nuh, was he instucted to take a pair of all the animals or not?

Abu Huzayfa said...

Assalamu Alaykum,

Yes he was.